Springboot集成redis缓存

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温故而时习之,复习回复之前使用springboot集成redis,怕太久忘了,所以记录本篇文章来重新温故一下。

pom引入

<!--redis-->
<dependency>
	<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
	<artifactId>spring-boot-starter-redis</artifactId>
	<version>1.4.1.RELEASE</version>
</dependency>

配置文件

#Redis地址
spring.redis.host=127.0.0.1
#Redis服务器连接端口
spring.redis.port=6379
#Redis服务器连接密码(默认为空)
spring.redis.password=
#连接池最大连接数(使用负值表示没有限制)
spring.redis.pool.max-active=8
#连接池最大阻塞等待时间(使用负值表示没有限制)
spring.redis.pool.max-wait=-1
#连接池中的最大空闲连接
spring.redis.pool.max-idle=8
#连接池中的最小空闲连接
spring.redis.pool.min-idle=0
#连接超时时间(毫秒)
spring.redis.timeout=30000

创建文件

创建RedisConfig文件

import java.lang.reflect.Method;
import java.time.Duration;

import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Value;
import org.springframework.cache.CacheManager;
import org.springframework.cache.annotation.CachingConfigurerSupport;
import org.springframework.cache.annotation.EnableCaching;
import org.springframework.cache.interceptor.KeyGenerator;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;
import org.springframework.data.redis.cache.RedisCacheConfiguration;
import org.springframework.data.redis.cache.RedisCacheManager;
import org.springframework.data.redis.cache.RedisCacheWriter;
import org.springframework.data.redis.connection.RedisConnectionFactory;
import org.springframework.data.redis.connection.jedis.JedisConnectionFactory;
import org.springframework.data.redis.core.RedisTemplate;
import org.springframework.data.redis.core.StringRedisTemplate;
import org.springframework.data.redis.serializer.Jackson2JsonRedisSerializer;
import com.fasterxml.jackson.annotation.PropertyAccessor;
import com.fasterxml.jackson.annotation.JsonAutoDetect;
import com.fasterxml.jackson.databind.ObjectMapper;
@Configuration
@EnableCaching
public class RedisConfig extends CachingConfigurerSupport{
    @Value("${spring.redis.host}")
    private String host;
    @Value("${spring.redis.port}")
    private int port;
    @Value("${spring.redis.timeout}")
    private int timeout;
    @Value("${spring.redis.password}")
    private String password;
    @Value("${spring.redis.pool.max-active}")
    private int maxActive;
    @Value("${spring.redis.pool.max-wait}")
    private int maxWait;
    @Value("${spring.redis.pool.max-idle}")
    private int maxIdle;
    @Value("${spring.redis.pool.min-idle}")
    private int minIdle;

    @Bean
    public KeyGenerator wiselyKeyGenerator(){
        return new KeyGenerator() {
            @Override
            public Object generate(Object target, Method method, Object... params) {
                StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
                sb.append(target.getClass().getName());
                sb.append(method.getName());
                for (Object obj : params) {
                    sb.append(obj.toString());
                }
                return sb.toString();
            }
        };
    }

    @Bean
    public JedisConnectionFactory redisConnectionFactory() {
        JedisConnectionFactory factory = new JedisConnectionFactory();
        factory.setHostName(host);
        factory.setPort(port);
        factory.setTimeout(timeout); //设置连接超时时间
        factory.setPassword(password);
        factory.getPoolConfig().setMaxIdle(maxIdle);
        factory.getPoolConfig().setMinIdle(minIdle);
        factory.getPoolConfig().setMaxTotal(maxActive);
        factory.getPoolConfig().setMaxWaitMillis(maxWait);
        return factory;
    }

    @Bean
    public CacheManager cacheManager(RedisConnectionFactory redisConnectionFactory) {
        RedisCacheConfiguration redisCacheConfiguration = RedisCacheConfiguration.defaultCacheConfig()
                .entryTtl( Duration.ofHours(1)); // 设置缓存有效期一小时
        return RedisCacheManager
                .builder( RedisCacheWriter.nonLockingRedisCacheWriter(redisConnectionFactory))
                .cacheDefaults(redisCacheConfiguration).build();
    }

    @Bean
    public RedisTemplate<String, String> redisTemplate(RedisConnectionFactory factory) {
        StringRedisTemplate template = new StringRedisTemplate(factory);
        setSerializer(template); //设置序列化工具,这样ReportBean不需要实现Serializable接口
        template.afterPropertiesSet();
        return template;
    }

    private void setSerializer(StringRedisTemplate template) {
        Jackson2JsonRedisSerializer jackson2JsonRedisSerializer = new Jackson2JsonRedisSerializer(Object.class);
        ObjectMapper om = new ObjectMapper();
        om.setVisibility(PropertyAccessor.ALL, JsonAutoDetect.Visibility.ANY);
        om.enableDefaultTyping(ObjectMapper.DefaultTyping.NON_FINAL);
        jackson2JsonRedisSerializer.setObjectMapper(om);
        template.setValueSerializer(jackson2JsonRedisSerializer);
    }
}

创建RedisUtils文件

import java.io.Serializable;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Set;
import java.util.concurrent.TimeUnit;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.data.redis.core.HashOperations;
import org.springframework.data.redis.core.ListOperations;
import org.springframework.data.redis.core.RedisTemplate;
import org.springframework.data.redis.core.SetOperations;
import org.springframework.data.redis.core.ValueOperations;
import org.springframework.data.redis.core.ZSetOperations;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Service;
@Service
public class RedisUtils {
    @Autowired
    private RedisTemplate redisTemplate;

    /**
     * 写入缓存
     *
     * @param key
     * @param value
     * @return
     */
    public boolean set(final String key, Object value) {
        boolean result = false;
        try {
            ValueOperations<Serializable, Object> operations = redisTemplate.opsForValue();
            operations.set(key, value);
            result = true;
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        return result;
    }

    /**
     * 写入缓存设置时效时间
     *
     * @param key
     * @param value
     * @return
     */
    public boolean set(final String key, Object value, Long expireTime, TimeUnit timeUnit) {
        boolean result = false;
        try {
            ValueOperations<Serializable, Object> operations = redisTemplate.opsForValue();
            operations.set(key, value);
            redisTemplate.expire(key, expireTime, timeUnit);
            result = true;
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        return result;
    }

    /**
     * 批量删除对应的value
     *
     * @param keys
     */
    public void remove(final String... keys) {
        for (String key : keys) {
            remove(key);
        }
    }

    /**
     * 批量删除key
     *
     * @param pattern
     */
    public void removePattern(final String pattern) {
        Set<Serializable> keys = redisTemplate.keys(pattern);
        if (keys.size() > 0) {
            redisTemplate.delete(keys);
        }
    }

    /**
     * 删除对应的value
     *
     * @param key
     */
    public void remove(final String key) {
        if (exists(key)) {
            redisTemplate.delete(key);
        }
    }

    /**
     * 判断缓存中是否有对应的value
     *
     * @param key
     * @return
     */
    public boolean exists(final String key) {
        return redisTemplate.hasKey(key);
    }

    /**
     * 读取缓存
     *
     * @param key
     * @return
     */
    public Object get(final String key) {
        Object result = null;
        ValueOperations<Serializable, Object> operations = redisTemplate.opsForValue();
        result = operations.get(key);
        return result;
    }

    /**
     * 哈希 添加
     *
     * @param key
     * @param hashKey
     * @param value
     */
    public void hmSet(String key, Object hashKey, Object value) {
        HashOperations<String, Object, Object> hash = redisTemplate.opsForHash();
        hash.put(key, hashKey, value);
    }

    /**
     * 哈希获取数据
     *
     * @param key
     * @param hashKey
     * @return
     */
    public Object hmGet(String key, Object hashKey) {
        HashOperations<String, Object, Object> hash = redisTemplate.opsForHash();
        return hash.get(key, hashKey);
    }

    /**
     * 列表添加
     *
     * @param k
     * @param v
     */
    public void lPush(String k, Object v) {
        ListOperations<String, Object> list = redisTemplate.opsForList();
        list.rightPush(k, v);
    }

    /**
     * 列表获取
     *
     * @param k
     * @param l
     * @param l1
     * @return
     */
    public List<Object> lRange(String k, long l, long l1) {
        ListOperations<String, Object> list = redisTemplate.opsForList();
        return list.range(k, l, l1);
    }

    /**
     * 集合添加
     *
     * @param key
     * @param value
     */
    public void add(String key, Object value) {
        SetOperations<String, Object> set = redisTemplate.opsForSet();
        set.add(key, value);
    }

    /**
     * 集合获取
     *
     * @param key
     * @return
     */
    public Set<Object> setMembers(String key) {
        SetOperations<String, Object> set = redisTemplate.opsForSet();
        return set.members(key);
    }

    /**
     * 有序集合添加
     *
     * @param key
     * @param value
     * @param scoure
     */
    public void zAdd(String key, Object value, double scoure) {
        ZSetOperations<String, Object> zset = redisTemplate.opsForZSet();
        zset.add(key, value, scoure);
    }

    /**
     * 有序集合获取
     *
     * @param key
     * @param scoure
     * @param scoure1
     * @return
     */
    public Set<Object> rangeByScore(String key, double scoure, double scoure1) {
        ZSetOperations<String, Object> zset = redisTemplate.opsForZSet();
        return zset.rangeByScore(key, scoure, scoure1);
    }
}

实现

@Autowired
private RedisUtils redisUtils;

@RequestMapping("/test")
public String hello(String id){
	//查询缓存中是否存在
	boolean hasKey = redisUtils.exists(id);
	String str = "";
	if(hasKey){
		//获取缓存
		Object object =  redisUtils.get(id);
		log.info("从缓存获取的数据"+ object);
		str = object.toString();
	}else{
		//从数据库中获取信息
		log.info("从数据库中获取数据");
		str = "1232";
		//数据插入缓存(set中的参数含义:key值,user对象,缓存存在时间10(long类型),时间单位)
		redisUtils.set(id,str,10L, TimeUnit.MINUTES);
		log.info("数据插入缓存" + str);
	}
	return str;
}
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